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MLA Citation Style 9th Edition

This guide will help you cite sources in MLA Citation Style 9th Edition.

Works Cited List - General Guidelines

Numbers in parentheses refer to specific sections in the MLA Handbook (9th ed.) 

The official MLA Style Center website has a helpful guide for formatting your paper, including information on creating the list of Works Cited.

Hanging Indent

Each Works Cited entry should be formatted with a hanging indent. A hanging indent means that the first line of each reference is flush left and subsequent lines are indented 0.5 inches from the left margin.


The Works Cited list is double-spaced.

Alphabetical (5.123-5.131)

Arrange Works Cited entries alphabetically by the surname of the first author, or by title if there is no author. When beginning with the title ignore initial articles (e.g. A, An, The) for alphabetization.

Placement of the Works Cited List

The list of Works Cited typically appears at the end of a research paper or presentation.