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MLA Citation Style 8th Edition

This guide will help you cite sources in MLA Citation Style 8th Edition.

YouTube Video

Citation Recipe

  1. Author.   chari326.
  2. Title of source.      "Browser the Library Cat in the Library."
  3. Title of container,     YouTube,
  4. Other contributors,    
  5. Version,
  6. Number,    
  7. Publishers, 
  8. Publication date,     30 Oct. 2007,
  9. Location.     www.youtube.com/watch?v=_0mI7HKD6CQ.

Example

In-Text Citation

(chari326)

Works Cited

chari326. "Browser the Library Cat in the Library." YouTube, 30 Oct. 2007, www.youtube.com/watch?v=_0mI7HKD6CQ.

Tips

Check How to Build a Citation to learn how to find and format individual elements of the citation.
If an element is not present (e.g., other contributors), leave it out.

Blog Post

Citation Recipe

  1. Author.  Hanson, Robin.  
  2. Title of source.      "Capturing the Policy Info Process."
  3. Title of container,    Overcoming Bias,
  4. Other contributors,     
  5. Version,
  6. Number,    
  7. Publishers,    
  8. Publication date,     15 December 2017,
  9. Location.    http://www.overcomingbias.com/2017/12/capturing-the-policy-info-process.html.

Example

In-Text Citation

(Hanson)

Works Cited

Hanson, Robin. "Capturing the Policy Info Process." Overcoming Bias, 15 December 2017, http://www.overcomingbias.com/2017/12/capturing-the-policy-info-process.html.

Tips

Check How to Build a Citation to learn how to find and format individual elements of the citation.
If an element is not present (e.g., other contributors), leave it out.

Lecture

Citation Recipe

  1. Author.   Barron, Guillermo.
  2. Title of source.      "Metaphysics"
  3. Title of container,     Philosophy 201B,
  4. Other contributors,    
  5. Version,
  6. Number,    
  7. Publishers,    
  8. Publication date,     23 Mar. 2005,
  9. Location.     Red Deer College.
  10. Optional Information (Description).     Lecture.

Example

In-Text Citation

(Barron)

Works Cited

Barron, Guillermo. "Metaphysics." Philosophy 201B, 23 Mar. 2005, Red Deer College. Lecture.

Tips

Check How to Build a Citation to learn how to find and format individual elements of the citation.
If an element is not present (e.g., other contributors), leave it out.

Image from an Online Source

Citation Recipe

  1. Author.     Mollerus, Sharon.
  2. Title of source.      "#Flowers."
  3. Title of container,     Flickr,
  4. Other contributors,    
  5. Version,
  6. Number,    
  7. Publishers,    
  8. Publication date,     19 July 2016,
  9. Location.     www.flickr.com/photos/clairity/28413819795/.

Example

In-Text Citation

(Mollerus)

Works Cited

Mollerus, Sharon. "#Flowers." Flickr, 19 July 2016, www.flickr.com/photos/clairity/28413819795/.

Tips

Check How to Build a Citation to learn how to find and format individual elements of the citation.
If an element is not present (e.g., other contributors), leave it out.

Video or DVD

Citation Recipe

  1. Author.    
  2. Title of source.      Hugo.
  3. Title of container,    
  4. Other contributors,     Directed by Martin Scorsese,
  5. Version,
  6. Number,    
  7. Publishers,    Paramount,
  8. Publication date,     2011,
  9. Location.    

Example

In-Text Citation

(Hugo)

Works Cited

Hugo. Directed by Martin Scorsese, Paramount, 2011.

Tips

Check How to Build a Citation to learn how to find and format individual elements of the citation.
If an element is not present (e.g., other contributors), leave it out.
To read more about who to cite when discussing a movie or a television show, see the MLA Handbook (p. 24).

When You Have Not Seen the Original Source (Indirect Sources) (p. 124)

Numbers in parentheses refer to specific pages in the MLA Handbook (8th ed.) 

Sometimes an author writes about work that someone else has done, but you are unable to track down the original source. In this case, because you did not read the original source, you will include only the source you did consult in the Works Cited list. The abbreviation “qtd.” in the in-text citation indicates you have not read the original source.

Example: Do not include Fong (1987) in Works Cited; do include Bertram.
Fong’s 1987 study found that older students’ memory can be as good as that of young people, but this depends on how memory is tested (qtd. in Bertram 124).

Film from a Library Database

Citation Recipe

  1. Author.    
  2. Title of source.      A Fanatic Heart: Bob Geldof and Yeats.
  3. Title of container,   
  4. Other contributors,     
  5. Version,
  6. Number,    
  7. Publishers,    Network Ireland Television,
  8. Publication date,     2016,
  9. Location.    

Container 2 (in this case the database that the video was retrieved from):

  1. Title of container,    Films on Demand,
  2. Other contributors,    
  3. Version,
  4. Number,
  5. Publishers, 
  6. Publication date,  
  7. Location.     fod.infobase.com/PortalPlaylists.aspx?wID=103278&xtid=138856.

Example

In-Text Citation

(A Fanatic Heart)

Works Cited

A Fanatic Heart: Bob Geldof and Yeats. Network Ireland Television, 2016, Films on Demand, fod.infobase.com/PortalPlaylists.aspx?wID=103278&xtid=138856.

Tips

Check How to Build a Citation to learn how to find and format individual elements of the citation.
If an element is not present (e.g., other contributors), leave it out.

Indigenous Elders and Knowledge Keepers

The formal MLA style does not have a format for Indigenous Elders and Knowledge Keepers so NorQuest College has developed this citation style in the spirit of wahkôhtowin and reconciliation. It has been adapted with their permission. 

In-Text Citation

Unlike most other personal communications, Elders and Knowledge Keepers should be cited in-text and in the reference list. The in-text citation format should be formatted as:

Delores Cardinal described the nature of the...
OR
The nature of the place was... (Cardinal).

Citation Format

The citation format for the reference list follows the following format:

1. Last name, First name.,

2. Nation/Community.

3. Treaty Territory if applicable.

4. City/Community they live in if applicable.

5. Topic/subject of communication if applicable.

6. Date Month, Year.

Example

Cardinal, Delores., Goodfish Lake Cree Nation. Treaty 6. Lives in Edmonton. Oral teaching. 4 April 2004.

Note

If you would like to approach an Elder or Knowledge Keeper for teachings, remember to follow protocol or if you are unsure what their protocol is, please ask them ahead of time.