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Chicago Citation Style 17th Edition

Chicago Citation Style 17th Edition

The Chicago Manual of Style is often used to document sources for papers in the humanities (eg. history, fine arts, and political science). This guide is based on the Chicago Manual of Style (17th ed.), published in 2017.

Note: The Chicago Manual uses two styles of citation. This guide is intended as a guideline for the "Notes and Bibliography" style only.

General Guidelines for Chicago Citation Style

Numbers in parentheses refer to specific pages in the Chicago 17th Edition manual.

Footnotes

  • Remember that all sources of information and data, whether quoted directly or paraphrased, are cited with a note in the paper, as well as an entry in the bibliography at the end of the paper (p. 743).

Double-Spaced

  • Double-space your entire paper, including notes and the bibliography (p. 66).

Why Cite Your Sources?

In all types of research and scholarly writing, it is important to cite your sources in order to:

  • Help readers identify and locate the source you used.

Readers may want to locate a source you have cited, to verify the information or to learn more about the topic. A proper citation includes all of the information for a reader to locate a source.

  • Provide evidence that your position is well-researched.

Scholarly writing is grounded in research. Citations allow you to demonstrate that your position is thoroughly researched.

  • Give credit to the author of ideas which are not your own, and thereby avoid plagiarism.

Giving proper credit to those whose ideas, words, and thoughts you use is not only respectful to those authors, but also helps you avoid plagiarism. Plagiarism is "the submission by a student of the writings, ideas or data of another individual as the student’s own in any essay or assignment. Avoid the consequences of plagiarism by giving proper references to your sources.” (from the RDC Academic Terminology Glossary)

Citation Generators

Citation tools can help quickly generate and manage your citations. Remember to double-check citations for accuracy. Some tools to try:

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