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Red Deer College

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How to Research

Information for Confluence Campus students abut the research and citation.


What is Plagiarism?

Simply put, plagiarism is the unacknowledged use of other people’s ideas or work. Plagiarism occurs when you:

  • Misrepresent someone else’s work as your own
  • Copy another person’s work from an article, journal or website
  • Copy sentences or paragraphs without citing the source
  • Quote material without proper use of quotation marks
  • Use specific facts without proper attribution
  • Use a specific argument or logic without crediting the source
  • Use art, graphs, illustrations, maps, statistics, and photographs without proper citation
  • Paraphrase or summarize information without proper acknowledgement

The above information was adapted from the SFU Library.

How to Avoid Plagiarism

To avoid plagiarism, cite all sources. This means you must credit your sources by using in-text citations and a bibliography.

Learn More

Cite Your Sources

When you research a topic you may use information from articles, books, or the Web to support your ideas. However, in order to avoid plagiarism, you must credit the original authors of these sources by citing them.

To cite means that you state where you found the information so that others can find the exact item again. In this way, we build upon the ideas and knowledge of other people.

Identify the Parts of a Citation

Each style includes the same basic parts of a citation. These parts may be organized differently for each style.

For a book:

For a journal article:

For a website:


Tips for Citing

Tips for researching and citing:

  • Take clear, accurate notes about where you found specific ideas.
  • Write down the complete citation information for each item you use.
  • Bookmark or add website to your favourites.
  • Use a citation maker like BibMe or EasyBib.
  • Use quotation marks when directly stating another person's words.
  • Always credit original authors for their information and ideas.

To Cite or Not To Cite

Cite the following:



Newspaper & Magazine Articles*


AudioVisual Media

Images & Art

Do not cite the following:

Search engines (like Google, Firefox or Internet Explorer)

Images found using a search engine (use the Internet address or URL only, not the search engine link)

*FYI: You will access articles that are part of either an on-line database (LearnAB) or an Internet website.

Citation Makers

Citation Styles

There are a number of different styles or formats for citations. The style you use depends upon the subject discipline you are working in. If you are uncertain about which style to use, ask your teacher.

APA Citation Style 6th Edition

RDP's guide to using the 6th edition of APA style.

MLA Citation Style 7th Edition

RDP's guide to using the 7th edition of APA style.


Sample Reference or Works Cited Pages